Manx Shearwater

By 15/10/2020Birds

Manx Shearwaters (Puffinus puffinus) gained its English name from the Isle of Man, where these marine birds form large colonies. It is regarded as the most abundant and widespread shearwater species in Atlantic.

 

CHARACTERISTICS

  • Latin name: Puffinus puffinus
  • Order: Procellariiformes
  • Family: Procellariidae
  • Length: 31-36 cm
  • Weight: 375 to 447 g
  • Wingspan: 76-88 cm
  • IUCN Status: Least concern

 

Source: Map Lynx Edicions/BirdLife International

DESCRIPTION

Important: Birds species have different identifying features depending on sex, age and season.

Eye color: Black
Beak: Black, thin and hooked medium beak.
Leg color: Brown, Pink
Feather colors: Black, brown, white

 

LIFE HISTORY

DIET

Manx Shearwater mainly feed on small schooling fish, especially from the Clupeiformes family (e.g., herring, sardines, anchovies). They also sometimes feed on cephalopods, small crustaceans and surface offal. In the Azores, they often seen foraging individually or in small flocks.

REPRODUCTION

Manx Shearwater are usually seen in the Azores from March to October and spend the wintertime in the South Atlantic. Reproduction occurs between May and December. Breeding in the Azores is limited to colonies oaf 115-240 pairs on the islands of Corvo and Flores. Laying takes place in spring starting around April and the incubation of a single egg lasts at around 47-55 days. The juveniles will reach the fledgling stage, first flight, at around 62-76 days, around middle August.

VOCAL BEHAVIOR

During breeding, Manx Shearwaters adults employ variety of crowing, cooing, and screaming noises. By night, the colonies are very noisy and calls resemble sequences of four syllabus : chi-ki-gah-ach. Here you can listen to a male and a female in their nest recorded by Jens Kirkeby in Skokholm Island, Wales.

 

 

Illustration by Juan M. Varela

Marylou

About Marylou

Marylou is a Marine Biologist and Master in Oceanography. She is one of our Marine Wildlife Guide at TERRA AZUL. She studied in Canada and Belgium, but is originally from France, and enjoys being out to sea everyday with whales & dolphins.

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