Smooth Hammerhead Shark

By 28/08/2020Fish

The Smooth Hammerhead Shark is named for its smooth, un-notched head, a characteristic that allows to distinguish it from other hammerhead shark species. They do not have a mid-dorsal fin, contributing to the “smoothness” of species.

 

CHARACTERISTICS

Latin name: Sphyrna zygaena
Order: Carcharhiniformes
Family: Sphyrnidae
Length: up to 4 m
Weight: up to 400 kg
IUCN Status: Vulnerable

DESCRIPTION

  • Color: dark brownish gray to olive, and white belly
  • Head: broadly arched and hammer-shaped with a wide and short cephalofoil
  • Dentition: 26-32 tooth rows in the upper jaw, 25-30 tooth rows in the lower jaw
  • Gills: 5 to 7 pairs

 

HABITAT

Adult Smooth Hammerhead Sharks can be found in open ocean, coastal areas, and very often around oceanic seamounts. They usually spend most of the time close to the surface in water at less than 20 meters depth. However, they have also been recorded diving at depths of 200 meters.

 

 

DIET

Smooth Hammerhead Sharks mostly feed on bony fish, sharks and squid.

REPRODUCTION

Smooth Hammerhead Sharks reach sexual maturity at 2,7 meters (female) and 2,1 meters (males). The gestation last at around 10-11 months. Females give birth of 20-50 pups which measure at around 50-60 cm.

 

Marylou

About Marylou

Marylou is a Marine Biologist and Master in Oceanography. She is one of our Marine Wildlife Guide at TERRA AZUL. She studied in Canada and Belgium, but is originally from France, and enjoys being out to sea everyday with whales & dolphins.

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